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  The concept of "crypto-currency" has been widely used for several years not only by specialists in the financial sphere, but also by ordinary people in everyday life. This rapid spread of the crypto currency has been achieved due to the rapid development of progressive technologies, as well as its inherent properties and principles of functioning, which largely come from definitions:

 CryptographyScience on the methods of ensuring confidentiality (the inability to read information to outsiders), data integrity (impossibility of imperceptible change of information), authentication (Verification of the authenticity of authorship or other properties of the object), as well as the impossibility of renouncing authorship.

 Blochein A sequential chain built from the established rules of the generated transaction blocks. Each subsequent block of this structure contains information about the previous block, thus, on the whole, the chain stores the entire history of the committed transactions. Any currency that can perform the function of money when exchanging goods on the market within the country or on the international market. Principles of cryptography and functionality Blokchein allowed to expand the traditional concept of currency, which led to the emergence of crypto currency.

  In view of the essence of the above concepts, it is possible to formulate the definition of a crypto-currency, a digital asset that is accounted for in a decentralized manner, and cryptography is used to ensure the consistency of the chain of transaction blocks in the Public Distributed Registry (Block). The publicly distributed registry collects, processes and stores information about all actions With crypto currency. The inability to delete or modify entries in the Publicly Distributed Registry indicates the highest level of transparency in the system. 

  Crypto-currencies are classified in certain categories, among which the following basic ones can be distinguished: UnsecuredPricing is formed on the basis of the demand that has developed in the society, thanks to emotions caused by various kinds of news not always verified and reliable sources that have different impact on the psychological perception of the information received and, as a result, contribute to both speculative growth and rapid depreciation of such a crypto currency . In modern conditions, the presence of a risk of rapid depreciation in unsecured crypto-currencies is a very weak and vulnerable link, and it is obvious that to rely on such cr The economic models with real forecasts of their development are inexpedient. 

  SecuredIn the event that real assets are included in the basis of securing the crypto currency, such crypto currency is considered to be a crypto asset. 

Assets can include: movable and immovable property, machinery and production equipment, bank deposits, copyrights, financial instruments, securities, know-how, trademarks , the share in the authorized funds and other companies, interests in various projects with legal entities and individuals, and other values ​​that have investment value and contribute to the growth and capitalization kriptoaktiva him oimosti.Takim, the owner of the asset-backed cryptocurrency receives benefits for guarantees - high liquidity of the instrument relative to the other cryptocurrency not having basically providing a real asset.